Manuel Castells: forms of power in networks

Castells, M. (2009). Communication power. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Power is the relational capacity that enables a social actor to influence asymmetrically the decisions of other social actor(s) in ways that favor the empowered actor’s will, interests, and values. exercised by means of coercion (or the possibility of it)  and/or by the construction of meaning on […]

Roland Barthes: studium and punctum

Barthes’ Camera Lucida , first published in 1980, assumes that the automaticity of the camera distinguishes photography from traditional media and has significant implications for how we experience photographs. To address the apparently uncoded level of photographs, which troubles the semiological approach Barthes himself adopted in the early 1960s, Camera Lucida advances a theory of photographic […]

Manuel Castells: space of flows and timeless time

Castells, M. (2009). Communication power (pp. 33-36). Oxford: Oxford University Press. “As with all historical transformations, the emergence of a new social structure is linked to the redefinition of the material foundations of our existence, space and time, as Giddens (1984), Adam (1990), Harvey (1990), Lash and Urry (1994), Mitchell (1999, 2003), Dear (2000, 2002), Graham and […]